ISU Electrical and Computer Engineering Archives

Network coding in wireless networks

GADDAM, NISHANTH (2009) Network coding in wireless networks. Masters thesis, Iowa State University.

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Abstract

Network coding improves throughput in wireless networks. When applied to battery driven devices, like wireless sensor nodes, it extends the network lifetime. Network coding reduces the energy consumption by minimizing the number of transmissions required to communicate a given amount of information across the network. However, aggressive application of network coding adversely aects the network lifetime. We illustrate this trade o in this paper, and show that the existing throughput based network coding approaches cannot be applied to energy-constrained networks. Specically, we address the following routing problem. Given a set of trac demands the goal is to route the demands across the network with the objective of minimizing the total energy consumption while providing guarantees on the lifetime of individual nodes. This work studies both multi-path and single-path variations of the above routing prob- lem. We present analytical formulations to solve the problems optimally. Evaluation of the multi-path problem indicates that the proposed solution is 35% more energy ecient than no-network-coding solution while still meeting required lifetime constraints. However, network coding is a costly technique to apply. This technique involves extra over- head in terms of control message transmissions, and may result into unbounded delays. These factors oset the performance enhancements that are otherwise achievable through network coding. In this work, we characterize a network to determine regions (nodes), where applica- tion of coding can be advantageous. This serves two purposes. First, if a network is well suited to eectively use coding then performance enhancement would dominate instead of latency and additional overhead issues. Second, coding-aware routing protocols can be designed, which use topology information to route the packets eectively in the network.

EPrint Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:This is my thesis work on network coding.
Uncontrolled Keywords:network coding, wireless networks, sensor networks
Subjects:Computer Engineering > INFORMATION SYSTEMS SECURITY & NETWORKING > Computer Networking and Security
ID Code:506
Identification Number:Identification Number UNSPECIFIED
Deposited By:Mr Nishanth Gaddam
Deposited On:18 July 2009

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